Usually a disease such as vaginitis(inflammation of the vagina), young dogs suffer. As a rule, this disease occurs in combination with vulvitis and vestibulitis. If you notice that your dog is constantly licking a noose, with no estrus in it, then this is already an excuse to contact the veterinarian. Another sign that you need to go with a pet to the doctor is that a viscous liquid is released from the loop, which you can see on the furniture or on the carpet.
Vaginitis in dogs appears for various reasons. We will consider them now.
There is usually juvenile vaginitis in a dog,which has not yet reached puberty. The main reason at this time is a decrease in the norm of estrogens in the blood. Against the background of this disease, the resistance of the mucous genital tract to irritants from the outside is reduced. And this, in turn, certainly, facilitates the process of introduction and further reproduction of pathogenic microflora.
Outgoing inflammation of the uterus is also the cause of vaginitis in dogs.
The next cause of the disease -mucosal trauma during sexual intercourse, during childbirth, during rough medical manipulations. Gateway for the penetration of pathogenic bacteria (enterococci, staphylococcus and others) is just the injured tissue.
Why else does vaginitis occur in dogs? Such a disease can occur with reduced immunity of the animal against the background of stress, due to improper hygiene, unbalanced nutrition. Infection with worms can also provoke the appearance of vaginitis. Another reason is the improper use of antibiotics. Because of this, the normal microflora of the vagina is broken, dysbacteriosis appears, which leads to the appearance of vaginitis in dogs.
Bacteria can also enter the mucosa of an animal when mating.
The characteristic signs of this diseaseare edematous vulva, reddening of the mucous membrane. Another symptom is an inflammatory exudate from the loin of the dog. It can be of different colors (white, greenish, etc.).
Other signs of the disease:
The inflammatory process can take place in the form of catarrhal-purulent, phlegmonous, serous and diphtheritic vaginitis. Now we describe how each species manifests itself.
Of course, it is necessary to start treating vaginitis in a dog as early as possible in order to avoid complications. But it is necessary to do this under the supervision of a veterinarian.
As a rule, juvenile vaginitis in dogs does notrequires treatment. It usually passes after the beginning of the first heat. Other veterinarians offer their methods of treatment. It is necessary to enter three days of estrogen preparations in a reduced dosage (one injection requires an active substance from 0.1 to 0.6 mg).
Treatment of vaginitis in dogs with hormonaldrugs are rarely used, because such activities do not always give a positive result, but the negative effect (the hormonal imbalance may increase even more) is manifested in almost every case.
To prescribe the right treatment for a dogthe swab is taken from the vagina. He is sent to the laboratory. There are various tests to determine the sensitivity of the obtained microflora to various antimicrobial agents. The results depend on the choice of drugs.
For sexually mature animals, almost neverLocal treatment without general antibiotic therapy is used. These drugs are used at a high severity of the disease (with phlegmonous and diphtheritic form).
To stop the pathological process withpurulent-catarrhal and catarrhal form on the mucous membranes are applied ointments that have anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties. To be convenient to apply the product, use a plastic spatula or a syringe.
To treat this disease, you canuse prednisolone, streptotsidnuyu, sintomitsinovuyu, oksikortovuyu ointment and others. What should be the dosage for a single dose? Five to ten milliliters.
Sometimes it is used to treat douching with a solution of "Furacilin", manganese or "Miramistin". Treatment should be performed daily until the animal is fully recovered.
For the prevention of disease it is worth following the following recommendations:
Now you know what vaginitis is in dogs. We examined its types and symptoms. The topic of treatment was also touched upon. We hope that our article was useful to you.</ p>