How many liters of gas are in the 50-liter bottle? How many cubes of gas in a 50-liter tank?

When a gas enters a rural settlement,it comes civilization. Stove heating, or individual water heating with a solid fuel boiler, is not only a romantic crackle of firewood in the furnace. Heating with solid fuel is always soot, smoke and soot, the need for an annual repainting of ceilings. And in addition to the troubles associated with permanent mud, it is necessary to procure or purchase and somewhere to store a stock of firewood for the whole winter.

how many liters of gas in a 50 liter bottle

Unfortunately, not all naturalpipeline gas. In many settlements, residents have to be content with gas in cylinders. And people are interested, but how many liters of gas in the 50-liter tank?

What is household gas

Let us recall the fundamentals of school organic chemistry. The first limiting hydrocarbon is methane. The molecule of this gas consists of one carbon atom, surrounded by four hydrogen atoms.

If you slightly extend the chain - instead of one ofatoms of hydrogen "to attach" one carbon, to add the hydrogen atoms to the remaining three of its bonds, - the next member of the family of limiting hydrocarbons, ethane, will be obtained.

Starting from the beginning of the chain, we have:

how much gas in a 50 liter bottle of m3

  • methane CH4;
  • ethane C2H6;
  • propane C3H8;
  • Butane C4H10.

The last two compounds - propane and butane - are the contents of domestic gas cylinders.

The physical properties of these chemicals

Propane at normal atmospheric pressureis a liquid in the temperature range from -187.7 to -42.1 ° C. Below this interval, propane crystallizes, and above, respectively, passes into a gaseous state. Butane this range: -138.3 ... -0.5 ° C. As we can see, the transition temperatures in the liquid for both gases are not much lower than zero, so that they can be easily liquefied by increasing the pressure.

Methods of gas storage

In everyday life, as a rule, a mixturepropane-butane. In private houses for storing the liquefied mixture, standard 50-liter gas cylinders are used. A little differently comes with gas supply of high-rise buildings. Well, how many liters of gas in a 50-gallon can fit?

how many cubes of gas in a 50 liter bottle

And to change bottles with 42 liters of gas (namelyso much liquefied gas is stored in a cylinder), plus the weight of the cylinder itself on all floors and apartments ... Therefore, in such cases, in the yard of the house, a grounded storage is usually arranged, into which a gas mixture is delivered by special gas carriers. In a special device, it is transferred to the gaseous phase and in this form enters the domestic pipeline.

The volume of the gas cylinder

So how many cubes of gas in a 50-liter tank? To answer this question, it is necessary to determine which gas we are interested in. A liquid mixture of gases in the cylinder is filled with 42 liters. But how much is in kilograms, cubic meters? The density of liquefied: propane - 0.528 kg / l, butane - 601 kg / l.

In order to find out how many liters of gas in the 50-liter bottle, we will make small calculations.

Propane

Density of the liquid phase

0,53

kg / l

Litrov in the tank

42,00

l

Weight of gas in a cylinder

22,18

kg

Density of gaseous phase

1,87

kg / m3

The volume occupied by 42 kg of gas (1 cylinder)

22,44

m3

Butane

Density of the liquid phase

0,60

kg / l

Litrov in the tank

42,00

l

Weight of gas in a cylinder

25,24

kg

Density of gaseous phase

2,52

kg / m3

The volume occupied by 42 kg of gas (1 cylinder)

16,67

m3

Thus, how many liters of gas in a 50-liter tank depends on what composition it is loaded into. Assuming that the cylinder is filled with one propane - 22.44 m3, butane - 16.67 m3. But since a mixture of these chemical compounds is used in everyday life, the indicator will be somewhere in the middle.

If we assume that propane and butane are in the cylinder in equal parts, then the answer to the question of how much gas in the 50-liter bottle (m3) is about 20.

Safety measures when handling gas cylinders

  • Never remove labels and labels from cylinders.
  • Do not lift or move the cylinder by holding the valve.
  • Leaks should be determined with a soap solution, not a lit match.
  • Open the cylinder valve gently.
  • Never heat the cylinder.
  • Independent pumping (overflow) of liquefied gas into other containers is prohibited.
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