With the problem of processing open sections of productsfaced all needlewomen. Consider, for example, how to tie a neck in several ways. Also, step by step, we will analyze the suggested patterns of patterns and ornaments for decorating the region.
The rough edge can be trimmed in one of several ways. Let's list the main options, how to tie the neck with a crochet and decorate the product:
Sometimes beginner needlewomen do not know howtie the neck crochet beautifully. In this case, you can use an overhead collar. By the way, they are used not only to decorate wickerwork. The usual fabric dress can easily be turned into a festive outfit, decorating with a small accessory. Particularly stylish look contrasting in color parts (photo 1). Then do not need a crocheting crocheted neck. Schemes of such removable products assume to operate from top to bottom. That is, at first several rows are tied, the first of which is the edge, and then, following the instruction, a small uniform extension is performed.
The most harmonious looks the same finishopen sections. Agree that the cutting and prikachivanie tissue bekes - a fairly time-consuming process. And the use of other technologies (embroidery, macrame) is also quite problematic. Therefore, very often for the design of products sewn from the fabric or made with knitting needles, one of the most common types of needlework - crochet. The neckline, especially on tops, tops, dresses and other light (including openwork and children's) products with an open armhole or short sleeves, is usually held in the same way. The first row is usually carried out with columns without a crochet. And then you can fantasize to your taste, using different techniques. Then the product will look stylistically finished, neat and beautiful. Let's start with the simplest pattern of "rasche step", with which the most often the crocheted neckline. Schemes in this case are not required, since it will be very easy to perform work on the text description.
How to crochet the neck to the edgeit turned out smooth and did not stretch? Use for this not simple posts, but unusual in its technology pattern. Work in this case will be carried out in the opposite direction - from left to right, therefore the name of the mating is associated with cancer, which backs up. So, reaching the edge of the canvas and making the last loop of a row of columns without a crochet, do not turn the product on the opposite side. Insert the hook into the last element of the base, pointing it from the front (clockwise clockwise by 90 °), and punch the working thread, previously stretched to the left through the hole. Two loops were formed on the instrument, tie them. Then, moving backwards, follow the "pacing step" to the end of the row. The edge of the product will be in the form of scars derived from filaments lying overlapping. Such finish of the neck can be carried out as the main threads in the tone of the product, and finishing.
Consider a few simple, but rather elegant ornaments that are performed on top of the preliminary row from the columns without a crochet (on the circuits - a chain of air loops).
The notation ** is a repeat, that is, the repetition of the same elements to the end of the series.
1 p. - * 2 posts. with 1 nak., 1 air. P.*;
2 r. - * arch of 4 air. on top of a post, 1 column. without nak. in the air. P.*;
3 r. - * fan of alternation of 5 columns. with 1 CAP. and 4 air. etc. into one arch of the last row, then 1 column. without cords. in another arch *.
1 p. - * column. with 1 cape *;
2 r. - * fan of 4 pillars. from the Cape., 3 air. P.*;
3 r. - * in the post. The last row of the 2 post. with 1 napid, 3 air. n., pico out of 3 air. p., 3 air. item, 2 column. with 1 CAP. *.
1 p. - * column. without nak., 3 picos of 3 air. item, column. without nak., 5 air. over 3 loops of the previous series *;
2 r. - * column. without nak. in arches from the air. n., 9 air. above the pico group;
3 r. - * 9 pillars. without nak. over air. n., 1 column. without nak. in the post. the past series *.
Any edge will look neat whenUse of this rather simple in execution ornaments. It is not necessary to be a super master and know all the tricks how to tie a neck with a crochet. It is enough to learn to perform only a chain of air loops, a column with a crochet and without it. The ornament consists of three rows, but if desired, you can repeat them several times. The result will be a wider openwork edging.
1 p. - At the edge of the canvas, make arches out of 5 air. loops (on the basis of skipping 3 loops) and the post. without a crochet;
2 r. - Repeat the previous row, tying the pillar. in air arches;
3 r. - alternate the post. without a crochet (with a similar column in the previous row) and a fan in the arch made of 5 pillars: 1 without a crochet, 3 with 1 cape, 1 without a crochet.
What are the features of processing the edge of the above pattern? In the implementation of turning lines and corners. Binding can be done in two ways:
1. In the case when it is planned to perform only the basic ornament without repetitions, you can rely on the above photo. Then at the very corner will be one of the scars.
2. If you want to make the openwork fringe wider, it is worth changing the technology somewhat. To do this, when doing 1 row at the very corner, make an arch out of the air. loops and columns without a crochet (preceding and ending it), tie in one loop of the base (at the corner). Then, as a result of the jagged fan, there will not be a corner. It will appear after repeating 1-3 rows.
Therefore, it is immediately decided how to crochetthe neck - to make it in the form of a narrow relief edge or a wide rim. And only then plan your further work. Otherwise, the neck will be pulled together and with a concave corner connecting it to the product bar.
Very often knitwear in the process of sockslose their original appearance and form. In this case, the neck of the dress can be processed by crocheting. In this case, the appearance will be fresh and attractive. Make the binding as follows:
- With sharp scissors cut off the fringing, strapping or collar;
- if necessary, hem the edge with wide stitches, turning the fabric inwards by 0.5 cm;
- if the fabric has a fine mating, it is possible not to make a pivot with a broom;
- tie the first row of columns without a crochet,slightly pulling the fabric down, they can alternate with 1-2 air loops (especially when using contrast yarn), retreating from each other by 3-5 mm;
- Repeat the work in a circle until the desired width of the knitted beika is reached (usually 2-2.5 cm).
We will analyze one of the options for tying the neck, relying on the proposed scheme:
1 p. - a chain of airy conventional loops;
2 r. - Alternating pillar. without nak. and arches of 3 air. loops;
3, 4, 5 p. - tying in the arch: 2 pillars. with nak., 2 air. Loops (3rd row), 3 air. Loops (4th row), 4 air. The loops (row 5), and the pillar. bases - 1 column. with nack .;
6 r. - tying in the arch 9 pillar. with 2 nak., alternating them with 1 column. with 1 nak. in the base;
7 r. - tying in the first pillar. the bases are 9 pillars. with 2 nak., alternating them with 1 air. loop, in the intervals between them - the execution of 2 arches of 4 air. loops;
8 r. - over the arches of the 9 pillars. with nak. performing 4 arches out of 3 air. loops, and over the arches from the air. loops - loosing the pillar. with 2 nak.
You can slightly interpret the proposed pattern, finishing work after doing the 5th row. Another, more compact open-work variant is the tying of 5-8 rows with an obligatory arched toothed edge.
In some cases, the work on finishing an openedge is done in the reverse order. This means that at first the lace coquette is tied, and then the entire product. This option is most often used in the manufacture of models with round finishing details. If the coquette should be square for a more simple connection with the main cloth, lead the increase in four places. As a result, you get the corners that are adjacent to the armhole on one side, and on the other - to the upper horizontal lines of the shelf and back. At the same time, many products differ not only in the technology of execution of various parts - open-work coquette and the main fabric, made of thick ordinary viscous - various materials are often used. Now it is very fashionable, for example, to make a lace yoke at a silk blouse. Alternatively, knit cardigans can be trimmed with a lattice collar.
This knitted border looks very fashionable. But, unlike the knitted fabric, the fabric is rather problematic to handle by hook. What recommendations should I follow to get a beautiful throat?
- Use a knitting tool with a pointed tip for easier piercing.
- It is desirable that the structure of the yarn and fabric match (for example, wool yarn is more suitable for drape and similar linen).
- Pre-treatment of the edge with an internal bend is mandatory.
Of course, not all needlewomen do, andnot everyone knows how to tie the neck crochet beautifully. But for sure tips and descriptions of patterns and patterns, given in this article, will help to make the decoration of products stylishly, original and neat.</ p>