June 22, 1941 for the bulk of peoplebegan as an ordinary day. They did not even know that soon this happiness will no longer exist, and children, who were born or will be born from 1928 to 1945, will steal their childhood. Sufferers in the war are no less children than adults. The Great Patriotic War forever changed their lives.
In the war, the children forgot how to cry. If they got to the fascists, they quickly realized that it was impossible to cry, otherwise they would be shot. They are called "children of war" not because of the date of their birth. The war brought them up. They had to see a real horror. For example, often fascists shot children just for fun. They did this only to see how they run away in horror.
Could and choose a live target just in order,to practice in accuracy. Children can not work hard in the camp, so they can be killed with impunity. The fascists thought so. However, sometimes in concentration camps there was work for children. For example, they were often donors of blood for soldiers of the army of the Third Reich ... Or they could be forced to remove ash from the crematorium and sew it in bags, then to fertilize the land.
You can not believe that working in the camps went ongoodwill. This "goodwill" was personified by the muzzle of the machine in the back. Fascists "sorted" fit and unfit for work very cynically. If the child reached the mark on the wall of the barrack, then he was fit to work, to serve "Great Germany". He did not reach - they were sent to the gas chamber. Kids were not needed by the Third Reich, so they had only one fate. However, at home not everyone was waiting for a happy fate. Very many children in the Great Patriotic War lost all their native people. That is, in their homeland they were waited only by the orphanage and half-starved youth during the post-war devastation.
Very many children already at age 12 got up to the machinesin factories and factories, worked on construction sites on a par with adults. Because of the far from childlike hard work, they grew up early and replaced their brothers and sisters of lost parents. It was children in the war of 1941-1945. helped keep afloat, and then restored the economy of the country. They say that there are no children in the war. This is actually so. In the war they worked and fought along with adults, both in the army and the home front, and in partisan detachments.
It was common that many teenagersadded a year or two and left for the front. Many of them, at the cost of their lives, collected ammunition, machine guns, grenades, rifles and other weapons that remained after the fighting, and then handed them over to the partisans. Many were engaged in partisan intelligence, worked as liaison in the detachments of the people's avengers. They helped our underground workers to organize shoots of prisoners of war, saved the wounded, set fire to German warehouses with weapons and food. Interestingly, not only boys fought in the war. Girls did it with no less heroism. Especially many such girls were in Belarus ... Courage, the strength of the spirit of these children, the ability to sacrifice themselves for only one purpose, made a huge contribution to the overall Victory. All this is true, but these children died tens of thousands ... Officially in our country, 27 million people died in this war. Servicemen of them - only 10 million. The rest are civilians, mostly women and children. Children who died in the war ... Their number can not be counted accurately.
From the first days of the war, the children wanted everything possibleways to help adults. They built fortifications, collected scrap metal and medicinal plants, took part in collecting things for the army. As already mentioned, the children worked day and night in factories to replace fathers and older brothers who went to the front. They collected gas masks, made smoke bombs, fuses for mines, fuses for hand grenades. In the school workshops, in which before the war the girls had labor lessons, they now sewed linen and tunics for the army. Knitted and warm clothes - socks, mittens, sewed tobacco pouches. Children also helped the wounded in hospitals. In addition, they wrote letters for their relatives under their dictation and even put on concerts and performances that aroused a smile in the grown men who had been exhausted by the war. Feats are committed not only in combat. All of the above - this is also the exploits of children in the war. And hunger, cold and disease in two accounts dealt with their lives, which had not yet started properly ....
Very often in war, along with adults,fought adolescents 13-15 years. This was not very surprising, since the sons of the regiment served the Russian army for a long time. Most often it was a young drummer or a boy. In the Great Patriotic War, it was usually children who lost their parents, killed by the Germans or stolen in concentration camps. This was the best option for them, since to stay alone in the occupied city was the most terrible. The child in such a situation was threatened only by starvation. In addition, the Nazis sometimes amused themselves and threw a piece of bread to the hungry children ... And then they shot a burst from the machine gun. That is why parts of the Red Army, if they passed through such territories, were very sensitive to such children and often took them with them. As Marshal Bagramyan mentions, often the courage and ingenuity of the sons of the regiment amazed even experienced soldiers.
The feats of children in the war deserve no lessrespect than the exploits of adults. According to the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, 3500 children, whose age was less than 16 years, fought in the ranks of the army during the Great Patriotic War. However, these data can not be accurate, since they did not take into account the young heroes from partisan detachments. Five were awarded the highest military award. We will talk more about the three of them, although they were not all, children who were particularly distinguished at the war who are worthy of mention.
14-year-old Valya Kotik was a partisan scout indetachment of the name of Karmeliuk. He is the youngest hero of the USSR. He carried out assignments of the Shepetiv Military Intelligence Organization. His first task (and he successfully fulfilled it) was to eliminate the detachment of the field gendarmerie. This task was far from the last. Valya Kotik was killed in 1944, 5 days after he turned 14.
16-year-old Lenya Golikov was a scout FourLeningrad partisan brigade. With the outbreak of war, he went to the partisans. Slender Lenya looked even younger than his 14 years (that's how much he was at the time of the beginning of the war). He disguised himself as a beggar bypassing the villages and relaying important information to the partisans. Lenya participated in 27 battles, undermined motor vehicles with ammunition and more than a dozen bridges. In 1943, his detachment could not get out of the encirclement. Few managed to survive. Leni was not among them.
17-year-old Zina Portnova was a scoutpartisan detachment named after Voroshilov in the territory of Belarus. She was also a member of the underground Young Communist League youth organization "Young Avengers". In 1943, she was instructed to find out the reasons for the collapse of this organization and to establish contact with the underground. Upon her return to the detachment, the Germans arrested her. During one of the interrogations she grabbed the pistol of a fascist investigator and shot him and two other fascists. She tried to escape, but she was seized.