Extra-curricular event on history, whichpresented before you, designed to continue the formation of patriotism in fifth-grade students. This development of extra-curricular activities is focused on a very important goal: the formation of patriotism is one of the main goals of the work of history teachers, which is why this topic is one of the most urgent.
Students in the fifth grade do not yet study in fullleast the history of Russia, but this topic should be known. This extra-curricular event on history is designed to understand what horrors the terrible word "fascism" is, for which heroic deed went every one of those guys about which will be told on the class hour, what war is, and what its effects. In addition, this year the whole country celebrates the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory. Every student, even the smallest, should understand the importance of this event, although they still have lessons to learn from the events of the twentieth century.
The purpose of this event is the formation of studentsrespect for the participants of the terrible events of the Great Patriotic War, patriotic feelings for the history of their Motherland, children should have an idea about the events of the whole layer of the history of our country called the Great Patriotic War.
To study the events of this historical period, to show its role in the history and culture of Russia; to introduce the concepts of "patriotism", "tolerance", "fascism", "blockade", "pioneer hero."
Develop the ability to conduct a dialogue, state your point of view, and argue it.
Development of emotional and creative activity of students, education of interest and respect for the history and culture of our country, education of patriotism and tolerance.
The development of extra-curricular activities implies the following equipment in the lesson:
Students come into the office and sit down in their seats under the song of David Tukhmanov "March of Victory"
Hello guys, I'm very glad to see you onthis lesson. The topic today will be extremely interesting, we will talk about the war, as well as the mourning past of our Motherland. Some events we should not, not even have the right to forget, it is to such can be attributed every day, every minute of the Great War! We must remember the names of those who at the cost of their lives, their health, their future, defended every inch of their native land.
When you entered the class, you heard a wonderful song, andEven if you did not listen to the words, its message was still clear to you. What do you think, what mood did the singer try to convey? (Happy, cheerful, easy, proud ...)
This is a victorious march, and it is connected with a great date inhistory of our country - the day of the Great Victory. And why is there a line in the song "Is it joy with tears in your eyes"? Because before the victory there was a long and terrible war.
And what about the terrible war? War is pain, death of many people, hunger, suffering.
Right. All of you, of course, heard about the victory of the army of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War. But not everyone understands by what effort, what forces it has been achieved. This is our today's occupation. After all, it is you, the younger generation, who have the honor to store this experience, this memory and pass it on to your descendants, so that never again this will happen again.
But let's take the same steps. The Great Patriotic War called military events that occurred in the middle of the twentieth century, more than seventy years ago, between the USSR and fascist Germany. Fascists could come to power in the world, who wanted to destroy entire nations on earth.
Which of you grandfathers, great-grandfathers, and maybe other relatives fought on the battlefields? (They raise their hands)
Do you know how this war started?
Your great-grandmothers and great-grandfathers were then quitestill young, perhaps, only graduated from school, and someone, maybe, still studied. So, in the morning, when it was just beginning to dawn, a strong and resonant voice of radio director Yury Borisovich Levitan thundered over the country (a record about the declaration of war is included).
Thousands of fascist guns thundered simultaneously withthis voice on the borders of our country, and everyone knew that the war had come. The war, which lasted almost fifteen hundred days, took more than one million Soviet lives.
Can you calculate how old it is? (4 years)
But which was won.
And do you know that in the lists of names of the heroes of thisThere are a lot of surnames of those who were not much older than you? I'm talking about the pioneer heroes who fought for their homeland, but without raising their weapons often. To know these names is worth it, it is a tribute of respect, which each of them, undoubtedly, deserved.
I'll tell you about a very young girl, ZinaThe tailor, who was only sixteen at the time of the outbreak of war. Oh, how much it all fell to the lot of this girl, she visited the ranks of the partisans and made sorties into the camp of the enemy, and later settled in the enemy's kitchen and mixed the Germans with food poison. Once she was even suspected of this and forced to try the poisoned soup herself, she almost died, but still remained alive and continued to help the Soviet troops in every possible way. Up until the moment when she was caught and after long torture was sent to be shot. What in her short life did she see Zina Portnova, who was eighteen years old at the time of her death? Probably nothing. Never mind. And she understood every day of her life that she could die. So why then took a risk? Because of the love of the Motherland, the desire to win.
Right. But in the list of names of pioneer heroes, this name is far from the only one.
In the annals of the Great Patriotic War there ismany glorious names, and one of them is Vitya Cherevichkin. The most usual boy of twelve, who was very fond of his domestic birds. He bred under the roof houses of snow-white pigeons. When the Germans came to the town where Vitya lived, the pigeons were forbidden to breed, since the fascists feared that with their help the local people would be able to transmit the ciphers of the Soviet army. And only the boy Vitya disobeyed this order, for which he was shot.
How do you think, how does this act characterize the Soviet boy Vitya? (Brave, brave, patriot ...)
Well, another boy, about whom I will tell you today, is Volodya Dubynin.
He was among the partisans who fought nearthe city of Kerch. The fourteen-year-old boy persistently insisted that adults take him into their ranks. He was a real scout, independently extracted the most valuable information about the number of enemy troops, their location, etc.
Kerch was released, but Volodya still helpedSoviet troops. He helped professional sappers to clear the territory near his native city. Volodya Dubynin blew up one of these mines. At that time he was only fifteen. And what can you say about this man? (Resolute, persistent, real hero, brave boy).
Even the children understood at the time that it was necessary to make every effort to win and took risks at the cost of their lives.
Patriotism is an amazing quality that can make a little person truly a hero. And this is not all the names and surnames that could be told today.
Among the Soviet heroes are the names of men, women, old people and children. Everyone did everything that he could to win.
In this lesson I want to give you an important task. When you come home, ask your relatives, perhaps there are war participants among your relatives. And then write a short essay - a story about this person. Tell him about what he did, whether he received awards and where he fought. Ask to find in the family photo archive his photo. Then from these works we will create the whole exhibition where you can get acquainted with the actions of great people, winners.
Do you guys help create such an exhibition? (Positive answers)
In conclusion, I want to ask you why the children that I told you today are called heroes? (They did not spare their lives for the sake of the Motherland)
You absolutely understood everything. War is a terrible event, and to decide to sacrifice one's life for the sake of victory is a real feat.
Extra-curricular event on the history of Russia wasimplemented under this plan. Extra-curricular event on history was chosen very topical, especially considering that this year is the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory. This class hour should be held in conjunction with similar topics, telling about the heroes of the Great Patriotic War, about the events of the war and about the victory. Only then will the students get a fully formed view of this historical period.
The goal and objectives set by the results of theevents will be performed if the children learn new material and make some conclusions for themselves. This extra-curricular event on history is more educational in nature, conducted in the form of free conversation, which gives students a keen interest, and the task that they will receive after the end of the lesson, almost everyone should fulfill. In their writings, the guys write that they are proud of their Motherland, as well as the grandfathers who fought for the victory. And some even mention the fact that they themselves would act like pioneer heroes.
Themes of extra-curricular activities for fifth-gradersthere are different, and perhaps about the history of wars they tell early, but the events of the Great Patriotic War must be known to every person who lives in our country. Thus, it can be said with certainty that the event was not wasted, but will remain in the memory of the children, will help them later in history lessons and will reflect on their attitude to the history of their people. This development of extracurricular activities on history can well be used not only in the fifth grade. Similar events, as well as lessons of history on the same topic will be useful at any age. Topics of extracurricular activities on a similar topic are systematically held in our schools.</ p>