In order to preserve rare plant species andanimals, the creation of specially protected areas: nature reserves, zakazniks, national parks. They are objects of federal significance. In order to maintain order in these territories, funds are allocated from the federal budget.
What is the difference between the reserve and the national park? Several aspects can be distinguished. First of all, it is necessary to understand what the given territory is. What makes the reserve different from the national park in different countries, you can understand, if you become acquainted with the purpose of their creation.
In order to protect the environment from humanspecial natural territories have been created. In national parks there is a restriction or ban on any economic processes. Visiting of natural objects by a person is allowed. In these areas can appear both tourists and ordinary nature lovers.
National parks are protectededucational and research institutions, which are characterized by a special ecological, historical and aesthetic value. The purpose of these facilities is environmental, educational, scientific and cultural purposes, as well as in the regulation of tourism.
Each national park is surrounded by awhich operates a regime of limited use of nature. All this land is subdivided into territories in which various protection regimes operate, for example, a reserved, recreational, economic and regulated use area.
The main goal pursued by the creatorsnational parks, is the need to preserve natural sites, territories of cultural and historical significance, the organization of zones of regulated recreation. The main task is to restore previously disrupted natural, historical and cultural complexes, as well as to introduce special scientific methods of protecting the environment. What is the difference between the reserve and the national park? In the latter, tourism and recreation are not prohibited.
In order to conserve natural resources,specially protected areas and water areas. What is the difference between a reserve and a national park? First of all, by the fact that it represents a territory where absolutely all objects of nature are protected. These include soil, water, animal and plant life.
In order to visit the reserve,obtaining a special permit. Within the given zone, any economic activity is forbidden, there are no industrial enterprises. Here, too, do not plow the land and do not mow the grass, you can not organize hunting, fishing, gathering mushrooms and berries on the territory.
The federal law, which prescribes the status of specially protected natural areas, transfers land and water areas to perpetual use of reserves.
The primary goals of the reserves areProtection of nature and maintenance of diversity of biocomplexes. In these territories, various scientific researches are organized and ecological monitoring is carried out. Also, the main objectives of the reserves can be attributed to the processes of environmental education and assistance in the training of specialists in the field of environmental protection. This is a national program, which includes more than one hundred protected areas in Russia. The laws of our country grant them the status of specially protected natural territories. What is the difference between the reserve and the national park? In the first case, economic activity is completely limited. In national parks there is no such prohibition, but restrictions also apply.
There are areas in which individual speciesflora and fauna are protected. These institutions are called zakazniks, which anyone can visit. There is a permit for partial economic activity. Installation of tents, parking lots, riding a car or a motorcycle is prohibited. In the wildlife sanctuaries it is impossible to breed bonfires, walk dogs, and also to hunt some animals.
What makes the reserve different from the national parkand zakaznik? Based on the above, it can be concluded that the strictest control and protection fall within the protected areas. Unlike them, a free visit to national parks and nature reserves by tourists is only welcomed.
Tanzania is very interesting and originalcountry in the ecological sense. Twelve national parks, thirteen sanctuaries, and thirty-eight conservation areas have made this country a better place for tourism enthusiasts.
What makes the reserve different from the national parkin Tanzania? As in other countries, these are huge territories, inhabited by an incredible number of animals and birds. Untouched natural complexes are protected by the state. Poaching is strictly punishable by law, and visitors who hunt for rare species of animals are expelled from the country. There are reserves in Tanzania and national parks, a large number of rangers and veterinarians work here. They recount the number of livestock, and also track the annual migration of animals.
First of all, it should be noted that eachThe project was created with the goal of preserving natural areas from the aggressive impact of human economic activity. Differences are only in measures to restrict such interference. Under the strictest control there are reserves, they are completely or partially isolated from economic use. Visits to these complexes are in agreement with the curators of the zone.
In national parks, any economicactivities are excluded almost completely, however, tourists are not limited to visiting. The reserves, in contrast to the reserves, are the territory of natural complexes, where not all the object falls under protection, but its individual components. It can be representatives of the plant and animal world, as well as historical, memorial or geological values.
What makes the reserve different from the national parkin Russia? All these areas are traditional and effective forms of environmental protection. The main difference between the projects is that land and water areas are in constant use of reserves. It is curious that such a phenomenon is characteristic only of our country.
Thus, in this article we have considered,What is the difference between a reserve and a national park or zakaznik? Regardless of the name and purpose of the objects, it should be remembered that their appearance is associated with the threat of the disappearance of certain biocomplexes. It is necessary to take care of nature not only in the territories of reserves and national parks, but also beyond.</ p>