The earth is an ideal human habitat. He can not exist without nature, since he himself is a large part of it. Many centuries ago people were very closely connected with the environment and completely depended on it. Since then, time has passed, man has learned to build cities, extract energy, fly into space, and let the connection with nature is not felt so sharply, but without plants and animals, air and water we can not survive. Often there are situations when a person has to accept conditions of autonomous existence, that is, to survive in the wild without any assistance. This can happen at the will of the adventurer or out of his will.
Sometimes people set goals thatrequire them to special endurance, for example, to cross the ocean alone. They take a certain amount of resources, which should be enough for a while, and are sent to the road. After this stock is exhausted, they are forced to procure food and water for themselves, for example, to fish and desalinate water. In this case, it is said that this voluntary autonomous existence of a person. His goals can be different: connecting with nature, conducting scientific research or experiment, finding out their capabilities. Examples of autonomous existence are often found on the pages of books and magazines. One of them is the crossing of Antarctica by Bjorg Osland. He in 1996-1997 alone went skiing across the South Pole. For some 64 days he overcame 2,845 km of ice and snow, showing himself to be strong both physically and morally. But the most understandable example of this type of activity for a common citizen is the usual hiking trips, which are not so hard to torment the brave, but still leave with nature one on one.
Such an extreme is not at all in favor of many, because thisit is really very difficult. Why torture yourself if you do not see the point? But life is very unpredictable, and it happens that, willy-nilly, a person comes face to face with nature, is forced to survive by any means. Such an autonomous existence is called forced. It differs sharply from voluntary, because in the first case a person prepares for such an adventure, he consciously goes for it, setting himself a certain goal. If, for example, a person is lost in the forest or survived the shipwreck field, then it must be rebuilt dramatically in order to survive and return home. This is very difficult, both physically and morally.
Man - a creature that depends heavily on society,that is, from the surrounding people. Getting alone in an extreme situation, he can psychologically break down. After all, forced autonomous existence leads to the appearance of great fear, and if there is no one near who could support and calm, then this fear intensifies tenfold. Often there is a very negative emotional reaction, which manifests itself in a sense of hopelessness, the approach of death, pain and suffering. This is due to the fact that a person is in an unfamiliar environment, which can potentially carry many dangers to his life. At such moments, your own weakness and fragility of the body is especially acute. Autonomous existence can cause controlled or uncontrolled fear. In the first case, he can not only be harmless, but also help, push to actions that lead to the most effective solution of problems. But if this is uncontrolled fear, then he subordinates to himself every thought and action of man. There is nothing good in panic, it will only exacerbate the situation.
Autonomous existence in nature can beShort-lived, if properly behaved. The first thing you should not do is to leave the scene. The best option, if a person is not in danger, will be to camp. After all, for rescuers is quite a big difficulty to find the victims of disaster in the mountains, the forest or in bad weather. Therefore, in advance it is necessary to come up with a signal that will be applied if a vehicle approaches a person, for example, a helicopter. The best in this case will be a bonfire. This is the fastest and easiest way. The material for it must be prepared in advance. If it happens in the desert, then can replace the brushwood can a can of sand, which is impregnated with some combustible substance. Fire should only be set when the rescue equipment can be seen or heard. In addition, if this is an open area, you can put a sign out of the stones or trample it on the snow. Flags made of bright fabrics will not be superfluous either.
Autonomous existence of man in naturecomplicated by the lack of food, which can lead to a hunger strike. It can be complete, when there is absolutely no food, but water enters the body, and absolute, when there is not even water. The first option is more acceptable, since forces can be scooped from internal stores (fat deposits and by reducing the size and volume of cells). A person without food can live up to 70 days, but they are adults. For children this term is reduced at times. But the main thing even in the absence of food is water. Since without it you can live only a couple of days. In the desert, finding it is very difficult, but if you try, everything is possible. For example, you can build a solar condenser, the basis for which is a water-repellent film, or you can squeeze out the juice from the cactus. It tastes bitter, but in such conditions everything will fit. If there is a stream nearby or a river nearby, then you can drink water from there, but you need to boil it, and if there is nothing, you just put a hot coal out of the fire in any vessel. This will help to avoid infections in the future.
Forced autonomous existence can bereduced if a person knows how to navigate the terrain. The first thing you can do is to go back on your own, if the person is lost. You can be guided with the help of several things at different times of the day (by the sun, the stars, the shadow, the compass, the clock, the moss in the trees). If you figure out where you came from, then finding the right path will be much easier.
Thus, an autonomous existence isindependent survival of man in the wild. It can be either voluntary or forced. In both cases, survival depends on the moral stamina and physical fitness of a person in a similar situation.</ p>