Flower viper onion: a description of why it is so called

Viper onion, also called muscari and mouse hyacinth, refers to bulbous plants from the family of Sparzhevs. In the genus Muscari today there are 44 species.

Title History

In Latin, the plant is called muscari. Indeed, this bulbous has a smell resembling musk.

Mouse hyacinth plant is called for some kind of similarity with ordinary hyacinth, but small in comparison with it dimensions.

In England, this plant is called grapehyacinth (grape hyacinth), because it looks like a grape cluster in an inverted form. The French called it an earth lilac deer (lilas de terre) because of the similarity with the flowers of this shrub.

Viper onion - why so called? The plant was named so because of its virulence for birds. Another version is the frequent finding of a number of vipers. Of course, these snakes do not feed on the plant, but crawl on the glades warmed by sunlight, where mouse hyacinth often grows. Another variant of the origin of the name is the similarity of the muscular inflorescence with the tail of the viper of the rattlesnake.

viper onion

Description

Flower viper onions usually grow to 20-30 (less often50-60) cm in height and is a bundle (from 2-7) of the root leaves to 10-15 cm long. The leaves of the plant are rather fleshy, and the bulb has the shape of an egg, the size of up to 2 cm and a number of subordinate onions.

Flowers adium onions come in blue, purpleor blue, are arranged on short pedicels and form a thick brush up to 3 cm in length. The upper flowers on the brush are sterile. There is no leaf on the flower-brush. The blossom adder starts from the bottom - the upper florets bloom with the very last.

The fruit of muscari looks like a box in the shape of a heart or a slightly narrowed downward sphere.

viper onion pictures

Distribution and habitat

The most common viper onion in WesternEurope, in the west of Asia and the north of Africa. Some species have taken root in Australia and North America. In Russia, prefers the southern regions of the European part of the viper onion.

Herbaceous plants for open ground more often can be found on grassy slopes, in the steppe zone, in the mountain-forest belt and near melting snow. The viper likes hammered places, arable land, bushes, stony slopes, alpine meadows.

viper onion

Kinds

Among the 44 species of the plant is particularly noteworthyviper onion unnoticed (neglected), broad-leaved, grove-shaped, large-fruited, crested and Armenian. The latter is widely distributed and best known. Cultivate it as an ornamental plant. At the Armenian viper onion, the flowers have a blue color.

Muscaria broadleaf has broad lanceolate leaves and dark purple bottom and light blue top flowers. The green onion has white flowers.

From the general picture, the crested muscari is knocked out. Its inflorescences are atypical and consist of a variety of flower stems of lilac-violet color. This plant blossoms a little later than other species (May-June).

Some types of viper onions are listed in the Red Book in Russia and Ukraine.

viper onion herbaceous plants for open ground

Varieties

Armenian viper is most famous for varietiesBlue Spike and Heavenly Blue. As you can see by the name, the flowers of both varieties have a blue color. The Blue Spike variety blooms for 2 weeks after other species of this species. Pink Sunrise differs rare for viper pink onion, and Fantasy Creation blooms with double flowers that change color from green to bright blue during flowering.

Highlighted the most suitable for forcingChristmas Perl - he received an international award. The flowers of this variety have the shape of a barrel and a violet-blue color. Distinguished international award and Peppermint - it is notable for pale blue flowers and especially long flowering (about a month).

The most fragrant variety of Armenian scalloped onions is "Artist" - blue flowers with a white border. Undiluted inflorescences resemble green grape brushes.

Of the grocery sorts of muscari, Album is the most popular - its white inflorescences have an elongated shape and a special aroma. The bushes of this plant reach 15 cm and resemble lilies of the valley.

Golden Fragrance (large-fruited muscari) is distinguished by purple buds and yellow flowers with a brown border. This variety is suitable only for greenhouses or open ground in southern regions.

Muscári negléctum (a viper onion unnoticed, or neglected) is listed in many Red Books of the subjects of the Russian Federation. You can see it in the territory of the Kabardino-Balkarian highland reserve.

flower viper onion

Breeding in gardens

For many gardeners, mouse hyacinth has grown fond ofas an ornamental plant. He is unpretentious and can grow in any part of the garden. The main thing is not to plant it under evergreen trees or shrubs, since the viper does not like shadows. Under the fruit trees, the muscari will feel great - it blooms in the spring, when there is still no thick greenery.

In the gardens the viper's onion is planted along the paths, in dense group plantings, rockeries, flower pots, balcony boxes, and compact floral plantations.

Plant this plant better in large groups - so it will look much more spectacular.

Viper onions, the photo of which you see in the article,can be planted by the method of "sandwich" - the bulbs are planted with floors. Rows should be done in checkerboard order so that individual layers do not interfere with each other. The flowering of plants planted by this method can be consistent or simultaneous.

viper onion why so called

Agrotechnics

In the agrotechnical plan to breed mouse hyacinth is very simple. It is carried in several ways: either by daughter bulbs, or by seeds in fruits, or by divided onion nests.

The main variant of reproduction of muscari in nature is vegetative. Pridatochnyh onions with a plant is a lot, so sometimes it grows into a fairly large area.

Another natural way of spreadingadder onion - myrmecochory. The ants are attracted by the eliasome - fat-bearing appendages of seeds. Insects eat only these appendages, leaving the seeds themselves intact.

Mouse hyacinth bulbs have a thin shell, so they can not be stored for a long time to avoid drying out. Optimal planting bulbs in September to a depth of eight to ten centimeters.

Soil should be chosen loamy and loose - clayand peat does not like peat bog. The ground must be well drained and not too wet. Moisture is necessary to the plant only at the beginning of growth, after flowering, it needs rest, during which moisture is harmful, since it can lead to decay of bulbs.

Viper is a perennial plant, thereforeto please with its flowering every spring. Fertilizer should be started in the second year after the muscari planting. Do this all the time until the leaves begin to dry. Approximately 2 weeks after the end of flowering, watering should be stopped completely. In the spring it is necessary to make compost in the soil - the mouse hyacinth will grow and blossom better.

To re-flowering was successful, do not remove the wilted leaves early - they contain the nutrients that are necessary for the bulb of the plant.

In the first year of planting the plant should be sheltered if the winter in the region is severe enough.

scum onion unnoticed

Landscaping

Correctly seated in terms of designviper onion creates a beautiful picture. A vivid example is the Keukenhof park (Holland), where plants of white and blue color create whole rivers. This landscape has inspired more than one artist to paint the landscape.

In the landscape design, muscari is best plantedgroups, about ten to thirty pieces. Often this plant is used to create all sorts of floral arrangements. Cutting is often used to create bouquets and boutoneries.

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