In 2014 in our country there was a grandiosesports event - Sochi Winter Olympics. What sports were represented on it, we will recall in our article. However, I would like to note the fact that the Olympic program includes only those sports that are widespread in at least 25 countries on three continents. Each of them is under the leadership of its International Sports Federation. To date, the Winter Olympics are held in 7 sports, presented in 15 disciplines.
Biathlon is a very popular winter sport for fans of the Olympics. It combines a race for skis and shooting at targets from a small-caliber rifle.
In modern biathlon competitions are held in personal championship, sprint, relay race, mass start, pursuit race.
Bobsleigh is the winter sport of the Olympics (since 1924), the meaning of which is the fastest descent along the ice track in controlled beans.
The ice track has the form of a trench 1.5-2 km longwith various turns and bends in complexity. Modern beans are made of fiberglass, aluminum, Kevlar. The control is carried out by means of a movable front axle. During the descent the bean can reach a speed of over 150 km / h.
Not so long ago in the bobsleigh, another sport discipline stood out: the skeleton. Descent along the icy track is carried out on skeletons - a two-lane sleigh on a fortified frame.
Despite the fact that the first mentions of curling were found in the literature of the 15th century, it was included in the Olympics program only in 1994.
Before two teams there is a task - to putThe maximum number of stones in the circle (house), closer to its center. In this case, you can knock out the opponent's stones from the house. To increase the speed of sliding, as well as to change the trajectory of its movement, the participants rub the ice in front of the stone with special mops - from friction the ice melt, and the shell slides along the thin layer of water formed.
The stones are made of granite. Each weighs about 20 kg.
Skating is also included in the Olympic sports of the Winter Olympics and includes 3 types of sports disciplines:
This kind includes several sports disciplines:
Descent on a sleigh is another one of 7 sportsthe Winter Olympics. Competitions are held among singles (men and women), as well as pairs (mix). The rules do not differ from the rules of bobsled and skeleton - you need to quickly and accurately overcome the ice track.
Sledge is an aerodynamic shield,fastened on two skids. At the ends of the runners are fixed special devices, with the help of which the athlete controls the sledge. The outfit consists of an aerodynamic suit, a helmet, shoes with buckles, thanks to which the legs of the lugbers are fixed in the elongated position. Gloves with thorns are necessary for repulsion at the start.
Hockey on ice is completed by our list of sportsthe Winter Olympics. The competition is held between two teams, which aspire as much as possible to get the puck into the opponent's goal. Each team consists of six people plus spare players.
List of Olympic Games sport regularlyis supplemented. So, for example, in 2011, several other sports disciplines were introduced into the Olympic program: in skiing - jumping from a springboard for women; in the sled - relay race; in figure skating - team competitions; in freestyle - slopestyle; in snowboarding - slopestyle and parallel team slalom.</ p>