Skin disease associated with disappearance at thesome areas of the body of the pigment of melanin, called vitiligo. It is quite common in the world, although it is not transmitted from person to person, and is not congenital. The causes of vitiligo may be associated with hereditary predisposition, but without any disease-provoking factors, it will not arise in any case. A healthy lifestyle protects against a variety of ailments, and this as well. Although sometimes there is enough hormonal failure to show the disease of vitiligo.
The main culprit is called stress. Experts believe that the causes of vitiligo lie in various disorders of the body, so that the appearance of stains on the skin can serve as a litmus test piece of paper. However, it is necessary to apply for diagnostics to a doctor. The study can identify such causes of vitiligo as chronic diseases of the internal organs, mental problems, chronic inflammation and autoimmune diseases, disorders of endocrine glands and intoxication, infectious diseases, physical or chemical damage to the skin, and sunburn. The spots develop not too quickly and fairly evenly, but over the years the damaged areas merge together and turn into a noticeable cosmetic defect. If the causes of vitiligo have not been established, the disease becomes chronic.
The easiest way is to eliminate the ailment at the very beginning. To begin to search for the reasons of vitiligo follows at occurrence of the first speck, as them it is quite possible to notice quickly. They appear at the eyes or mouth, on the neck or skin of the limbs. Sometimes the affected area may be small throughout the years, and in other cases the disease progresses rapidly. However, a complete discoloration of the entire body is almost never occurs. Note that the disease becomes more noticeable in the summer, when the skin around the damaged areas is sunbathing. The causes of vitiligo can pass, and then the spots will also disappear. But it happens that the symptoms intensify, especially when the disease is combined with skin diseases such as baldness, lichen, psoriasis or scleroderma. Associated signs may be impaired liver function, chronic problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
The treatment is rather difficult, so patients shouldhave patience. In many cases it is not enough simply to determine the causes of vitiligo. The skin can be restored by the use of vitamins - thiamine, ascorbic acid and riboflavin. They affect pigmentation. When the causes of vitiligo lie in a reduced sensitivity to light, it is restored by irradiation with ultraviolet light or preparations "Beroksan", "Meladinin" or "Ammifurin". Copper sulfate drops can also be prescribed, which should be taken after a meal in the form of a solution. Electrophoresis sometimes helps with copper sulphate. Contraindications preventing treatment are malignant tumors, pregnancy, kidney, liver, stomach, blood or cardiovascular system, as well as excessive sensitivity to radiation.</ p>