Smolka vulgaris is a perennial fromclove family. In the people it is known still under the name goricvet, vizovitsa marsh, drowsiness, tar. For many years, its medicinal properties have been widely used in folk medicine.
Smolka vulgaris usually grows to 60-80cm in height. Naked stalk of its erect, reddish color. On it there are small nodules with sticky substance, for which the plant received its name. It is also known in the people as a sticky stick. Dark green narrow leaves with a pointed tip are located opposite. Their length is from 5 to 7 cm. Raspberry shade flowers on short pedicels of 5-6 pieces are collected in a panicle.
The fruit of the tar pitch is an egg-shaped box located on the stem. The flowering period lasts from May to June.
Breeders have created another species of this plant - tar common terry. It is distinguished by larger and lush flowers (up to 4 cm in diameter) and used in landscape design.
This plant is found almost throughoutRussia, except for its northern parts, as well as on the territory of Belarus and Ukraine, Moldova and the Caucasus, the western regions of Siberia. The plant grows most often in meadows, a sandy slope or a forest edge and pine forests, in meadow and sandy soils - light and air-permeable.
For medicinal purposes, leaves are most often used,flowers, somewhat less often - the stem of a plant. Smolk glutinous is harvested during its intensive growth and flowering - in May-June, when the plant is gaining strength and useful properties. It contains a high content of valuable phenolic carboxylic acids, saponin, saporubin. In addition, flavonoidal chemical compounds are also found in large quantities.
In folk medicine, the plant is recognized as beautifulhypnotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, has expectorant and wound healing properties. Smolka vulgaris promotes the rapid coagulation of blood, so the decoctions of it serve as an effective hemostatic agent, as well as a natural antiseptic. In addition, the plant has a slight analgesic effect and choleretic effect.
Infusion of tar tar is used whenhepatitis, kidney problems and when diagnosing jaundice. With catarrhal diseases, decoctions from the plant are shown as an expectorant, they are also used to stop uterine bleeding or in painful, heavy menstruation, bronchitis and stomach colic. With nerve strains and malfunction in normal rhythmic of sleep, infusion of tar from the ordinary is recommended as an effective hypnotic and sedative.
In pharmacy very rarely used tarordinary. Application in medicine is unconventional in the form of various infusions, decoctions and other forms. Phytotherapists and folk healers use tar a lot often.
From the ground part of the plant,which has excellent medicinal characteristics. In particular, it is used as an effective expectorant - the plant has pronounced mucolytic properties. In addition, infusion and decoction of tar is recommended in pathologies and malfunctions in the work of the kidneys, as well as in the diagnosis of certain diseases of the respiratory system.
Among other things, decoctions and infusions of plantsare shown not only for internal, but also for external use. In most cases, the broth is used for skin problems, various dermatological pathologies - it is treated with purulent abscesses and boils, used for scabies, abscesses and ulcers. Infusion and decoction of tar tar is recommended to wash cuts and abrasions - its bactericidal effect has long been known to phyto-therapeutists.
In folk medicine, ordinary tar is used mainly as a decoction and infusion.
The broth is prepared simply - in 0.5 liters of boiling watersteamed 3 tbsp. l. raw materials and boil, not bringing to a boil, over low heat for 10 minutes. Then allow to brew for an hour and use as lotions - to wash the wounds, especially purulent, long-lasting ulcers, with scabies and all kinds of rashes.
To make this 200 ml steepboiling water take 2 tbsp. l. plants, bring to a boil. After this, the infusion is removed from the fire, insisted for several hours. Take such pre-cooled and filtered infusion of 50 ml to 4 times a day - with coughing attacks, as an effective expectorant, like an anesthetic broth for colic - in the same dosage and with the same frequency of admission. To obtain a hypnotic and soothing effect - 150 ml.
Like any other medicinal plant, tarordinary has a contraindication for use. In particular, decoctions and infusions are not recommended for colic, accompanied by long constipation, gastritis, people with low acidity of gastric juice.</ p>